Motion picture cameras were invented in the late 1890s. Due to the limits of technology, many of these films never exceeded a minute They also didn’t have any sound until 1927.
Thomas Edison built the first film studio in the United States in 1893. After opening his studio, his employee, William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, created the kinetoscope. The kinetoscope allowed individuals to view movies independently. This invention opened up new doors in the film industry.
The kinetoscope led Edison and his employees to develop the kinetograph. The kinetograph allowed films to stop and go while being shot. Eventually, the kinetograph had a great impact in Europe.
Throughout the world, many inventors dedicated their time to improving film cameras.
Special effects also played a key role in movie production. For a century, films used the “stop trick” in order to mislead the audience. For example, dummies were used in place of actors during death scenes. In 1895, this technique became popular throughout the industry.
The first successful theater showing only films was in Pittsburgh. It was called “The Nickelodeon.” The year was 1905. Five years later, actors started receiving credit for the films they starred in, and they gained popularity through the characters they portrayed on screen.
Soon after this, artificial lighting was created and allowed movies to set a certain tone based on the genre. As these films grew longer, books and plays developed into movies. This development allowed for films to have a broader audience. It also opened up the door for films to be placed into categories. The main categories were comedy and drama.
By World War I, prices increased and films grew longer since cinema was a way for people to forget about the war. During this time, movies became known as another medium for propaganda. World War II also allowed propaganda to be embedded within war-dramas.
After World War II, communism threatened the film industry along with the popularity of television.
In the 1950s, cinema productions were accused of spreading communism through their movies. This caused controversy throughout the film industry. From this, the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) held investigative hearings. Many of the accused writers and directors challenged these assumptions, while other individuals cooperated with the investigation. These hearings degraded the film industry, causing audiences to focus their attention on television.
Television became popular due to the commercials, news, and entertainment channels. In the 1960s, two-thirds of American households had television. This new invention
expressed and brought together different cultures.
To help film become popular again, the film industry decided to explore sci-fi stories. The Cold War and the increase in atomic bombs helped sci-fi movies become popular. People grew interested in the post-apocalyptic world.
Throughout history, cinema has always been another world that people loved to explore. It helped them to forget about the problems in their world, and to step into another that was full of endless possibilities. Films continue to have this affect on us, as new discoveries are being made each day to improve this medium of storytelling.